Compostability, Bioplastics And Biodegradability - Do You Know The Difference?

Compostability, Bioplastics And Biodegradability - Do You Know The Difference?

Welcome to our daily blog post on compostable pods. You will get a lot of fascinating facts, so we really hope. Other educational websites on sustainable coffee pods are e.g. from leading media publishers, or Moving Beans. Alternatively go through our pertinent blog on compostable coffee pods.

We are typically being asked what bioplastics are, or what is the significance of a product being compostable or naturally degradable? Exists any relationship in between bioplastics and biodegradability? How should we consumers deal with these items?

In this blog, we try to break down these ideas through basic explanations that will ideally assist you better comprehend their significance and be more knowledgeable about the options you are taking as a consumer. Let's go step by step:


These are products that are either stemmed from biomass (e.g. plants, such as corn or sugarcane) or are biodegradable; or indeed function both homes. They vary from standard plastics because the latter are made from fossil oil (gas). The advantages of using eco-friendly products to produce bioplastics are: increase in resource efficiency (e.g. use of biomass for various purposes), reduction of the carbon footprint and greenhouse gas emissions (those that significantly contribute to climate modification); and saving fossil resources by gradually substituting them.


Biodegradation is a process - a chemical procedure - throughout which microorganisms that are readily available in the environment transform materials into natural substances such as water, co2, and garden compost (artificial additives are not required). The procedure of biodegradation depends upon the surrounding ecological conditions (e.g. area or temperature), on the products involved and on the process itself. This procedure can take brief time periods (weeks and months) or long periods of time (tens or perhaps centuries).

In other words, plastic items made from biomass (a type of bioplastic) are not necessarily biodegradable. On the other hand, some petrol-based plastics might be naturally degradable.

The family of bioplastics can be divided into 3 main groups:

bio-based (or partially bio-based) however non-biodegradable plastics (e.g. PE, PP, PET, PTT or TPC-ET);.

plastics that are both bio-based and eco-friendly (e.g. PLA, PHA or PBS);.

petrol-based plastics that are biodegradable (e.g. PBAT).

Video: Sustainable and Nespresso-compatible Pods by Moving Beans.


Composting is also a process-- a chemical procedure. In fact, it is the process of biodegradation under aerobic conditions (existence of free oxygen) within a timespan of 6-12 weeks. You require particular conditions of humidity, temperature level and aeration, for microbes, like fungis or germs and their enzymes, to be able to "digest" the chain structure of biodegradable plastics. The resulting final result are water, co2 and some biomass. The number and kind of microorganisms is likewise a crucial aspect in this process. There are 2 ways to perform this process: industrially or home-compost.

Industrially compostable conditions are extremely specific and they have been specified under the European standard EN 13432 for packaging items and adopted by the British Standard Institution under BS EN 13432 requirement. Only those packaging products that satisfy the strict requirements of the EN 13432 standard are granted with the certification of OK-Compost Industrial and can be unambiguously thought about industrially compostable. In practice, this indicates that you can dispose this material in your organic waste bin for it to be sent out to the closest industrial composting center.

Home-compostable product packaging instead is not covered under one single widely-known requirement but rather within numerous country-based ones. This is because the conditions in a home-compost are not that manageable as in the case of a commercial compost. Under home-composting condition temperatures and humidity can differ considerably from location to location, and year on year, not constantly accomplishing the best decay in an affordable timeframe.

Nowadays, nevertheless, society and experts in the field see the need for moving into this instructions if we wish to end up being more sustainable. That is why we may see really interesting developments and innovations in this home-composability space in the following decade.

We at coffee company Moving Beans are a market challenger that has been providing compostable coffee pods for numerous years, with more insights under this link. Do go through a related article on coffee pods. We were the first to deliver truly natural Nespresso coffee capsules.


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